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Articles (a, an, the) - Lesson 1 - 7 Rules For Using Articles Correctly - English Grammar

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In this lesson, learn the 7 rules for using articles in English correctly. Also see - MOST COMMON MISTAKES IN ENGLISH & HOW TO AVOID THEM: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Dax90QyXgI&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9 For more FREE English lessons, SUBSCRIBE to this channel. Transcript: Hello and welcome. In this lesson, I will teach you the seven rules that you need to know for using articles in English correctly. Articles are the words ‘a’, ‘an’, and ‘the’. There is a final quiz at the end of the lesson for you to test your understanding. OK, the first rule is about where to use ‘a’ and where to use ‘an’. So rule number one is use ‘a’ before a consonant sound, and ‘an’ before a vowel sound. So in all of these words – you see that they start with a consonant sound. Cat starts with /k/, dog starts with /d/, boy with /b/, girl with /g/, house with /h/ and tree with /t/. So we say ‘a cat’, ‘a dog’, ‘a boy’, ‘a girl’, ‘a house’, ‘a tree’ etc. Notice that in natural speech, we don’t say ‘a’, we say ‘uh’ – like ‘a cat’. In this next set of words, you see that, they all start with a vowel sound – apple starts with /ae/, engineer starts with /e/, ice-cream with /ai/, old with /o/, umbrella with /uh/. So we say ‘an apple’, ‘an engineer’, ‘an ice-cream cone’, ‘an old womman’, ‘an umbrella’ and so on. In speech, we don’t say ‘an’, we say /ən/. Let’s do a small exercise. You see ten items on the screen. For each one, I want you to say if you would use ‘a’ or ‘an’ before it. Stop the video, think about it, then play the video again and check. OK here are the answers. Did you get them all right? I want to focus on items number seven to ten because these are a little tricky. Number seven is ‘a university’ because even though ‘university’ starts with the letter ‘u’ the first sound of the word is not a vowel sound. We don’t say /ooniversity/. We say /yoo-nə- vər-si-ty/ so that first sound is a /y/ sound, which a consonant sound, so we say ‘a university.’ Number eight is similar. The word ‘European’ starts with a /y/ sound, so ‘a European tour.’ In number nine, the spelling has an ‘h’ at the start but that ‘h’ is silent. We don’t say /hau-ər/, we say /au-ər/. The first sound is an /au/ sound which is a vowel sound, so this is ‘an hour’. In the same way, in number ten, we say MA. ‘M’ starts with an /e/ sound which is again a vowel sound, so ‘an MA in English’. OK let’s move on to rule number two: Use ‘a’ and ‘an’ ONLY with singular, countable nouns. We say that a noun is countable if we can count it – one, two, three, four etc. All of these words on the screen are countable. We can say one elephant, three cars, ten teachers, five hundred onions and so on. Now if you talk about one person or thing, like one elephant or one car, then that’s called a singular noun and if you say ten teachers or five hundred onions, those are called plural nouns. Uncountable nouns cannot be counted in this way. Nouns like water, sugar, milk, love, anger, knowledge are some examples. If you think about it, you cannot say “I drank four waters” or “I want eight milks”. To a person, you can say “I love you” but you can’t say “I have five loves for you” – that doesn’t make any sense. So these are all uncountable. Alright, so the rule is - you can only use ‘a’ and ‘an’ if you’re talking about one person or one thing. Let’s do another quick exercise. Here are ten items again. This time, you see ‘a’ or ‘an’ before the nouns, but some of these are wrong. They should NOT have ‘a’ or ‘an’ before them. Stop the video, identify the mistakes, then play the video again and check. OK, here are the answers. Number three is wrong because ‘shirts’ is a plural and you cannot use ‘a’ or ‘an’ before a plural noun. Number five is wrong because ‘happiness’ is uncountable, so again, ‘a’ or ‘an’ cannot be used there. The same goes for number six – water is uncountable. Number nine is wrong because ‘doctors’ is a plural – you can say ‘a doctor’ but not ‘a doctors’. And finally, in number ten, advice is an uncountable noun – so you cannot ask for ‘an advice’. Now a quick note here: the article ‘the’ can be used with all kinds of nouns – singular or plural countable nouns, and uncountable nouns. OK, so let’s now talk about how to choose between ‘a’ or ‘an’ and ‘the’. Here’s rule number three: Use ‘a’ or ‘an’ to talk about a person or thing unknown to your listener. And use ‘the’ to talk about a person or thing known to your listener. For example, “My sister has two computers: a PC and a laptop. The PC is quite old but the laptop is brand new.” I say ‘a PC’ and ‘a laptop’ because that’s the first time I’m mentioning the two computers. That is, until this point, they are unknown to you, the listener.
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Text Comments (1668)
Learn English Lab (1 year ago)
Hey there, I hope you enjoyed this lesson. Let me know if you have any questions. Also check out: ➜ 1 Simple Trick to *Become FLUENT* in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O0qT4cK-wtk&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix ➜ *50* Words You are *Pronouncing WRONG:* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TdtUjWb0O9w&list=PLmwr9polMHwtOrZVwGuiN8xLup5elPE6f ➜ *Most Common MISTAKES* in English & How to Avoid Them: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Dax90QyXgI&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9 ➜ *POWER Writing* - Write ANYTHING in English Easily (Essays, Emails, Letters Etc.): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dT_D68RJ5T8&list=PLmwr9polMHwtPulG3q4SrSNIZzlJl2gXf ➜ *100 English Sentences* You Can Use in Conversation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8dRuy1VLCiQ&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix ➜ Learn *TELEPHONE English* - 100 Sentences You Can Use on the Phone: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fkppeSjRj0E&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix ➜ Speak English FLUENTLY like a *NATIVE SPEAKER* with *just 10 words:* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8KU2eobDMqs&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix ➜ All *GRAMMAR* lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9 ➜ All *MODAL VERBS* Lessons (Could, Would, Should, May, Might, Must etc.): https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwvGTssgSU9KWEm2T4WiWaTj ➜ All *PARTS OF SPEECH* lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68 ➜ All *ARTICLES* (a, an, the) lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsbkqz6kU5e6MgpvaYrpKfX ➜ All *PRONUNCIATION* lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwtOrZVwGuiN8xLup5elPE6f ➜ All *TENSES* lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsRNZW607CtVZhg_SzsbiJw
Garaad Jaamaca (22 days ago)
Why teacher did you use an idea is it a right?
Rodalyn Vergara (25 days ago)
Hello there. Could you please help me how to improve my English skills. I really wanted to learn how to speak fluently in English . I’ve been in US for 10 years but until now I can say that I’m not that good to express myself in English very well . I really really need your help.
NAWAF (1 month ago)
I have a dinner or i have the dinner or i have dinner .which one is correct ??
second question in last exercise u used a whitenear why not the wheatenear because it is specific
sir my question is we can't use a an before abstract nouns how u used ( an idea)
mohammad sameer (1 hour ago)
hats of you sir
Yuva Guga (2 hours ago)
Sir I have a doubt. He plans to go to ooty on/for holidays
Arjun Rao (2 hours ago)
French is____ easy language "sir what is used here"
Vibhabh Jalota (6 hours ago)
Amazing video. Really. But I have one question sir why not 'I don't enjoy watching a horror movie' in place of horror movies because I will be talking about every single horror movie. And I think movie is countable noun and horror functions as an adjectival or attributive noun here. Plz reply
Deepa Jeni (9 hours ago)
Very interesting and good teaching sir... Thank u sir..
Rama Rao (1 day ago)
Article. Is it a part of speech?
Supriya Diliph (2 days ago)
Sir intelligent is which type of word
COOL DUDE (3 days ago)
hello sir if you don't mind Can I ask you what is your religion ? PLS REPLY
Ginni Jain (3 days ago)
Awesome
tutorials quick (3 days ago)
Awesome
sathya priya (3 days ago)
Teachers should be friendly to students Sir here in front of teachers y we won't use "the" Pls explain sir
sathya priya (3 days ago)
Rule no 2 =idea is countable r uncountable
dukki (4 days ago)
The dolphin is a very intelligent animal or A dolphin is the very intelligent animal?
Magali Soum (4 days ago)
You are amazing! I love the way you teach!
Rajesh Katta (5 days ago)
Pen is mightier than........ Sword. Here what article will come sir..?
Daniel Padron (6 days ago)
Thanks for the lesson
Daniel Padron (6 days ago)
I got 24/25
Sonam Verma (6 days ago)
a problem in 7... how "a satisfying job"... the satisfying job is uncountable
Ghulam Fatima (6 days ago)
nice lecture
V Visu (6 days ago)
We should live for a purpose or for the purpose Sir
Kiran P (7 days ago)
Could you please explain why it is correct to say an idea. The idea seems to be an uncountable noun.
Lee Storey (4 days ago)
"Idea" is a count noun. You can say: 'I have two ideas', 'those ideas are genius', and 'that person has strange ideas'. I'd like to add, "Idea" is an abstract noun. It's an abstract noun because you can't physically see or touch it. Abstract nouns aren't exempt from pluralisation.
DDM SERIES (7 days ago)
why article not used in question no. 1 in the quiz ?
I have six wrong from out 25 .
I learned a lot. Thank you for sharing this video.
mohammed aqeel (10 days ago)
Thanks dud
Umaro Saw (11 days ago)
You are really good
Anamika Mishra (11 days ago)
Please do make a lesson on interjections.
Anamika Mishra (11 days ago)
You teach so well Sir. My all answers were correct. 👍🏻🙏🏻😊
Vadivukkarasi S (12 days ago)
Before colour name what article i should use? . . red hat
Trendz Collection (12 days ago)
I dint understand the last exercise . Why !a is used in front of money and happiness as it's uncountable noun pls clarify
Rukhshanda Khan (12 days ago)
I really appreciate your vide😊
ramesh bandaru (13 days ago)
k! what about pretty ,? when can't count pretty right? 5:07
Mukesh Kumar (13 days ago)
Sir I want to know one thing plz it's urgent
COOL DUDE (3 days ago)
DO YOU WANT TO LEARN SOMETHING??????
Great pronunciation! How can we create the same one as well?
manjula ramachandran (15 days ago)
Sir what can we use before uncountable noun. Please reply me sir
aman kumar (16 days ago)
Very clear
nanistar 2.0 (19 days ago)
_____ honest man is always respected. Can we use an here??
Mariam Ktllama (19 days ago)
thanks for the explaination!
Mahesh Rao (19 days ago)
Awesome sir 👍👍 It helped me alot.
ravella sreekar (19 days ago)
thank you for providing this video sir it is usefull for exams
Anupama Voruganti (20 days ago)
I got 15 correct answers
Rushil K (20 days ago)
Sir you are great . Because of you my scores on english grammar are going up. Thank you sir.
Gopi C (20 days ago)
A mazing video,thanks a lot
Barath Balasubramaniam (22 days ago)
Sir why we can't use articles before money and family sir because money can be counted and family also can be counted so it means that is countable nouns right???and these two words are not pluras also so this is my dought please answer sir
Prem Kumar (22 days ago)
I got 17 out of 24. I made silly mistakes. I'm clear now. Thank you brother
Panda Gaming (23 days ago)
Minecraft is a game or Minecraft is an game plz tell me sir!
Krishna Vijay (19 days ago)
A game
Gamidi Krishna (23 days ago)
This vedio is very helpful for my boards as I always had a great cofusion about using articles..thanks 😊😊
Arturo Medrano (24 days ago)
I`m proud to say I only had one mistake "a whitener".
thanks for teaching sir.very easy to understand
Iman Mo (25 days ago)
May I ask why did not you write a person and a thing instead of a person and thing ?
Abdul Munam (26 days ago)
Hey, at 3:20 I didn't get the 7th question, it shouldn't be an idea as it's uncountable? I got 20/24 i.e 83.33%
soma reddy (26 days ago)
Why we can't use "the" instead of"a" before the teacher in exe 6
ALBIN VARGHESE (27 days ago)
can you explain 6 th and the last one.
Sourav Baskey (27 days ago)
Q3--> can it not be "The police think that the local criminal gang...."
sreenivas kothakota (27 days ago)
Thank you so much sir u r a very good teacher
Janardhana Rao (27 days ago)
Idea also uncountable like advice. How can we use "an" before idea
Imran Sayyed (1 month ago)
Yes very nice
ENGPOT/ SHIJI NAMBIAR (1 month ago)
Useful
Raj Ram (1 month ago)
I am not getting the lessons in the series of articles, have you made those already, if not please do it immediately for fast learning if not
Fahad 24 (1 month ago)
What abt 4 liters of water?
Patta Tirumala (1 month ago)
Hai sir .Good job Sir. I have only one mistake.The family
Maxural dighital_craft (1 month ago)
Thank you the good lesson
YT Lau (1 month ago)
Thank you. It is helpful for me and my girl.
Srinu VD M (1 month ago)
Sir, can you make a video on how to understand the usage of ing form words in sentences, Whether the word is used as a verb or a noun or a present participle?
The best video I have seen so far in my life
2019
life is a game (1 month ago)
Sir could you please help me with class 10nth grammar portions?
maloth jorsingh (1 month ago)
I got 17/23
Mohammed Yamin (1 month ago)
Can I use fixed expression in this way He goes to the college.(when he knows which college I am talking about)
HarikaTimes World (1 month ago)
Excellent 👏
Wasif Nawaz (1 month ago)
Hi Sir. In the last exercise of this lecture, i have a problem in the first question. 1. She is a vegetarian So she does not eat a chicken or a fish. Q. Why is a ommitted before chicken and fish
Sundar Shanmugam (1 month ago)
Sir in sentence 2 why we use 'an email' ? We can use the email because l know which email I am going to send
Abdul Malek (1 month ago)
Thanks
Anantha Lakshmi (1 month ago)
Why no article before chicken and fish. According to rule number 3 there should be a before them. Please justify your answer
Dharani M (1 month ago)
Sir pls making videos for Bank exam
Weeb.Melon* (1 month ago)
I'm a english speaker, but i wasn't feeling confident lately, but lucky in the end of the video I got every question right:)
kabouch Abu Bakr (1 month ago)
All my answers are correct except that is in question number 7, the filling space before the word "life". I could not grasp which rule to apply in this case?
Priyanka Rai (1 month ago)
Thank you so much Sir
John Momad (1 month ago)
very good brother, keep it up thank you
i saikrishna (1 month ago)
sir I got one doubt.In one of the examples of rule 6 like"A teacher should be friendly to his or her students"can I use "The teacher..".
clear my doubt (1 month ago)
The dog is a faithful animal is this correct
My Che (1 month ago)
I got
clear my doubt (1 month ago)
Sir In rule no.6 you said a teacher In second example why didn't say a dolphin
Uday. Adapa (1 month ago)
💯💯
Mahmoud Arrod (1 month ago)
Thank for your explanation, I got 13 correct and 10 incorrect response , my weakness is when I don't have to use articles
Venkata Lakshmi Boddu (1 month ago)
Nice and clear explanation sir.
Mostafa Abdelwahab (1 month ago)
I did them all .....thank you sir
mayappa bu (1 month ago)
Sir in the last quiz u mentioned that no use articles for some words?? Whether it is same in any situation?? Plz tell me sir
Marcela Bulgac (1 month ago)
Thank you
balahtd (1 month ago)
Sir thank u for your lessons. Pls explain the answers for 1 st and 4th questions in the last quiz. For 1st question i got 2nd and 3rd wrong and for 4th i got last one wrong. I am struggling with no article part
Finalis Lytan (1 month ago)
Please upload more videos sir
C. (1 month ago)
Hi! Thanks for a great lesson, as usual. Concerning the very last exercise, item # 7, I believe it would be optional to use the article “a” before “family”, wouldn’t it? Just curious. Many thanks!
C. (1 month ago)
Learn English Lab - Thank you!
Learn English Lab (1 month ago)
In that place, "a family" would not be correct. When the word "family" is used without an article, it refers to one's family members in general.
frank bilbard (1 month ago)
very productive thank you so much
Sha Shank (1 month ago)
explain 'an' before idea
Atul Saboo (1 month ago)
I can't find this type of video from last 3-4 days for my exam but finally i got the guy who can clear by doubts in just 30 mins . Thankyou😊👍👍👍🙏🙏🙏
Hasan Tariq (1 month ago)
'in a modern world' or 'in the modern world' ????
Akash kohistani (1 month ago)
3nx u so much sir g
satish panchal (1 month ago)
sir, I couldn't understand why "the police" and "the crime" is used in Q.3 of quiz. Please explain...
Suheel Sheikh (1 month ago)
God bless u sir

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